There is no solution aside form changing themes. We cannot edit the templates underlying our themes and the theme is not designed to display any sidebar when post titles or comments links (bubbles) are clicked and posts are displayed on their own pages.
You can verify this by clicking this link no sidebar on single posts (Twenty Eleven) and noting how many times this question has been asked and answered previously like johnjronline before answering your question.
You can quickly and easily change themes to another one found here http://wordpress.com/themes/ and no data will be lost or negatively affected by the change. The only time you may have to do some work is if you are changing to a dramatically different theme and have done any CSS editing.
Provided you are logged in as Admin under the same username account that registered the blog go to Dashboard > Appearance > Themes and browse themes until you find one you like and click "activate" or type in the name of the theme you want to use and
click the "activate" link when it appears.
After you change your theme all you need to do is go here Dashboard > Appearance > Widgets > Inactive Widgets and re-install them where you want them to appear. The widget contents and settings will be the same as they were prior to changing themes.